Economic Security, Mobility and Equity (ESME)2021-10-28T14:36:08-04:00

Economic, Security, Mobility and Equity (ESME)

Whether paid or unpaid, women’s work is crucial for their families’ economic security and well-being. Greater gender equality in paid and unpaid work will reduce poverty and improve economic growth and prosperity; persistent inequity in employment and family work is costing all of us. Women are held back by the undervaluation of historically female work, workplaces designed as if workers had no family responsibilities, and a broken-down work-family infrastructure.

IWPR’s ESME program highlights the extent of pay inequalities, and the role played by stark occupational segregation in perpetuating unequal pay. We conduct research and analysis on women’s labor force participation and employment trends; workforce development, non-traditional employment, and apprenticeships; the impact of sex discrimination and harassment on women’s career advancement and mobility; the gender pay gap and pay inequity across race and ethnicity; work-family policies and employer practices; the and the impact of automation and technological advances on women workers.

We work with policymakers, employers, advocates, and practitioners to identify promising practices and policy solutions.

Building the Future
Build(ing) the Future: Bold Policies for a Gender-Equitable Recovery

This report, Build(ing) the Future: Bold Policies for a Gender-Equitable Recovery, provides a framework for shared prosperity and equitable economic recovery. It examines the impact of the economic crisis and recession on working women, their families, and communities. It provides a blueprint for a gender-equitable recovery that is not only about meeting the immediate economic needs of women and families, but lays out a long-term strategy for creating stronger systems and institutions that reflect the experiences and contributions of women.

Breadwinner Mothers
Holding Up Half the Sky: Mothers as Workers, Primary Caregivers, & Breadwinners During COVID-19

The loss of jobs in sectors dominated by women will have a devastating impact of families, especially those headed by single mothers or where women are the primary or co-breadwinner. One in two of more than 30 million families in the U.S. with children under the age of 18 have a breadwinner mother, who contributes at least 40 percent of the earnings to the household.

Gender Wage Gap
The Gender Wage Gap: 2019 Earnings Differences by Race and Ethnicity

The gender wage gap in weekly earnings for full-time workers in the United States narrowed marginally between 2018 and 2019. In 2019, the ratio of women’s to men’s median weekly full-time earnings was 81.5 percent, leaving a wage gap of 18.5 percent.

Future of Work
The Future of Care Work: Improving the Quality of America’s Fastest-Growing Jobs

Paid adult care work jobs are expected to increase substantially in the coming years, due to both an aging population and a comparatively low risk of automation for many of these jobs. These jobs, however, are among the lowest quality occupations in the U.S. labor market, with paid adult care workers facing low earnings, limited access to benefits, high rates of injury on the job, and scheduling unpredictability.

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WEBINAR A Future Worth Building: What Tradeswomen Say about the Change They Need in the Construction Industry

Register Here More women than ever work in the trades, including women apprentices from all racial and ethnic backgrounds. Yet, while numbers are growing, women still are fewer than one in twenty of construction workers. Please join us for a webinar [...]

By |November 8, 2021|

Build Back Better Plan will Accelerate Gender Equality, Reduce Poverty for Women and Families, and Strengthen the U.S. Care Infrastructure

The Build Back Better (BBB) Framework proposed by the Biden Administration will accelerate gender equality and significantly reduce poverty for women and families. The plan invests in women’s economic security and equity by bolstering our care infrastructure, targeted tax credits, food and nutrition assistance, and higher education and training.

By |November 5, 2021|

November Jobs Day

New #JobsDay data show a return to growth, with women gaining 304,000 jobs, the majority 57.3 %, of 531,000 jobs added to payroll. This displays strong growth for women in Business and Professional Services, Leisure and Hospitality, Education, Health Services, and Retail. But another month [...]

By |November 5, 2021|

COVID-19 Recovery Virtual Discussion

“We’ve treated care like the private responsibility of families rather than a public good.” @IWPResearch’s @cnicolemason joined today’s #Covid19Recovery panel organized by @TheWilsonCenter & @EMDSerono to discuss women’s work. The discussion primarily focused on the impact of COVID-19 on women’s economic and health security. The [...]

By |November 4, 2021|

For Women in Unions, Paid Leave Is Not a Pipe Dream

New Institute for Women's Policy Research analysis suggests unions are associated with greater access to benefits like paid leave that provide work-life balance and improve family well-being. #Unions represent just one pathway to these benefits in the absence of a federal #paidleave program. Access to [...]

By |November 2, 2021|
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