Economic Security, Mobility and Equity (ESME)2021-10-28T14:36:08-04:00

Economic, Security, Mobility and Equity (ESME)

Whether paid or unpaid, women’s work is crucial for their families’ economic security and well-being. Greater gender equality in paid and unpaid work will reduce poverty and improve economic growth and prosperity; persistent inequity in employment and family work is costing all of us. Women are held back by the undervaluation of historically female work, workplaces designed as if workers had no family responsibilities, and a broken-down work-family infrastructure.

IWPR’s ESME program highlights the extent of pay inequalities, and the role played by stark occupational segregation in perpetuating unequal pay. We conduct research and analysis on women’s labor force participation and employment trends; workforce development, non-traditional employment, and apprenticeships; the impact of sex discrimination and harassment on women’s career advancement and mobility; the gender pay gap and pay inequity across race and ethnicity; work-family policies and employer practices; the and the impact of automation and technological advances on women workers.

We work with policymakers, employers, advocates, and practitioners to identify promising practices and policy solutions.

Building the Future
Build(ing) the Future: Bold Policies for a Gender-Equitable Recovery

This report, Build(ing) the Future: Bold Policies for a Gender-Equitable Recovery, provides a framework for shared prosperity and equitable economic recovery. It examines the impact of the economic crisis and recession on working women, their families, and communities. It provides a blueprint for a gender-equitable recovery that is not only about meeting the immediate economic needs of women and families, but lays out a long-term strategy for creating stronger systems and institutions that reflect the experiences and contributions of women.

Breadwinner Mothers
Holding Up Half the Sky: Mothers as Workers, Primary Caregivers, & Breadwinners During COVID-19

The loss of jobs in sectors dominated by women will have a devastating impact of families, especially those headed by single mothers or where women are the primary or co-breadwinner. One in two of more than 30 million families in the U.S. with children under the age of 18 have a breadwinner mother, who contributes at least 40 percent of the earnings to the household.

Gender Wage Gap
The Gender Wage Gap: 2019 Earnings Differences by Race and Ethnicity

The gender wage gap in weekly earnings for full-time workers in the United States narrowed marginally between 2018 and 2019. In 2019, the ratio of women’s to men’s median weekly full-time earnings was 81.5 percent, leaving a wage gap of 18.5 percent.

Future of Work
The Future of Care Work: Improving the Quality of America’s Fastest-Growing Jobs

Paid adult care work jobs are expected to increase substantially in the coming years, due to both an aging population and a comparatively low risk of automation for many of these jobs. These jobs, however, are among the lowest quality occupations in the U.S. labor market, with paid adult care workers facing low earnings, limited access to benefits, high rates of injury on the job, and scheduling unpredictability.

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Discrimination, Harassment, and a Lack Of Respect Threaten to Drive Women Out of the Construction Industry

FOR IMMEDIATE RELEASE November 16, 2021 Contact: William Lutz | lutz@iwpr.org | (202) 684-7534  Washington, D.C. — The Institute for Women’s Policy Research today released a new report showing that more than four in ten women working in the construction trades have seriously considered leaving [...]

By |November 16, 2021|

New Report Shows Women Apprentices More Diverse than Ever—But the Construction Trades Must Give Them the Support They Deserve

Apprentices make up the next generation of skilled tradespeople to build and maintain the infrastructure of our nation. Apprenticeships in the trades are great pathways into high-earning careers for women, offering the opportunity to earn while gaining a valuable trades credential. Union apprenticeships, in particular, [...]

By |November 16, 2021|

A Future Worth Building: What Tradeswomen Say about the Change They Need in the Construction Industry

Careers in the construction trades can provide high earnings and good benefits, often through a learn-while-you-earn apprenticeship. In 2020, more than 300,000 women worked in the trades—the largest number ever. Yet while their numbers are growing, women still make up fewer than one in twenty of workers in construction occupations.

By |November 16, 2021|

Historic Bipartisan Infrastructure Bill Will Rebuild the Social Safety Net for American Families, Create Jobs, and Rescue Economy

The Institute for Women’s Policy Research today hailed President Biden’s signing of the $1 trillion Infrastructure Investment and Jobs Act, calling it a boon for America’s working families and the social safety net. The law is projected to add more than two million jobs per [...]

By |November 15, 2021|

Historic Bipartisan Infrastructure Bill Will Rebuild the Social Safety Net for American Families, Create Jobs, and Rescue Economy

FOR IMMEDIATE RELEASE November 15, 2021 Contact: William Lutz | lutz@iwpr.org | (202) 684-7534 Washington, D.C. — The Institute for Women’s Policy Research today hailed President Biden’s signing of the $1 trillion Infrastructure Investment and Jobs Act, calling it a boon for America’s working families [...]

By |November 15, 2021|

Infrastructure Bill is Crucial for the Country, Build Back Better Bill is Crucial for Women

FOR IMMEDIATE RELEASE November 9, 2021 Contact: William Lutz | lutz@iwpr.org | (202) 684-7534 Infrastructure Bill is Crucial for the Country, Build Back Better Bill is Crucial for Women Washington, D.C. — The Institute for Women’s Policy Research today urged lawmakers to move quickly to [...]

By |November 9, 2021|
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