Economic Security, Mobility and Equity (ESME)2022-03-23T13:22:56-04:00

Economic, Security, Mobility and Equity (ESME)

Whether paid or unpaid, women’s work is crucial for their families’ economic security and well-being. Greater gender equality in paid and unpaid work will reduce poverty and improve economic growth and prosperity; persistent inequity in employment and family work is costing all of us. Women are held back by the undervaluation of historically female work, workplaces designed as if workers had no family responsibilities, and a broken-down work-family infrastructure.

IWPR’s ESME program highlights the extent of pay inequalities, and the role played by stark occupational segregation in perpetuating unequal pay. We conduct research and analysis on women’s labor force participation and employment trends; workforce development, non-traditional employment, and apprenticeships; the impact of sex discrimination and harassment on women’s career advancement and mobility; the gender pay gap and pay inequity across race and ethnicity; work-family policies and employer practices; the and the impact of automation and technological advances on women workers.

We work with policymakers, employers, advocates, and practitioners to identify promising practices and policy solutions.

Building the Future
Build(ing) the Future: Bold Policies for a Gender-Equitable Recovery

This report, Build(ing) the Future: Bold Policies for a Gender-Equitable Recovery, provides a framework for shared prosperity and equitable economic recovery. It examines the impact of the economic crisis and recession on working women, their families, and communities. It provides a blueprint for a gender-equitable recovery that is not only about meeting the immediate economic needs of women and families, but lays out a long-term strategy for creating stronger systems and institutions that reflect the experiences and contributions of women.

Breadwinner Mothers
Holding Up Half the Sky: Mothers as Workers, Primary Caregivers, & Breadwinners During COVID-19

The loss of jobs in sectors dominated by women will have a devastating impact of families, especially those headed by single mothers or where women are the primary or co-breadwinner. One in two of more than 30 million families in the U.S. with children under the age of 18 have a breadwinner mother, who contributes at least 40 percent of the earnings to the household.

Gender Wage Gap
The Gender Wage Gap: 2019 Earnings Differences by Race and Ethnicity

The gender wage gap in weekly earnings for full-time workers in the United States narrowed marginally between 2018 and 2019. In 2019, the ratio of women’s to men’s median weekly full-time earnings was 81.5 percent, leaving a wage gap of 18.5 percent.

Future of Work
The Future of Care Work: Improving the Quality of America’s Fastest-Growing Jobs

Paid adult care work jobs are expected to increase substantially in the coming years, due to both an aging population and a comparatively low risk of automation for many of these jobs. These jobs, however, are among the lowest quality occupations in the U.S. labor market, with paid adult care workers facing low earnings, limited access to benefits, high rates of injury on the job, and scheduling unpredictability.

previous arrowprevious arrow
next arrownext arrow
Generic filters

NYC Takes Action to Address the Gender Wage Gap

Salary transparency is a fundamental part of the equation for pay equity. Institutional misogyny still thrives within places of employment, making women more susceptible to pay discrimination. With added institutional racism, women who exist at the crux of misogyny and racism must deal with added [...]

By |November 3, 2022|

Increasing Black Women’s Access to Education and Economic Power

Black Women's Equal Pay Day, which took place this year on September 21, is a nationally recognized day to highlight the pay and income disparities of Black women compared to their white, non-Hispanic male counterparts in the United States. Black women had to work 21.5 [...]

By |October 25, 2022|

Gender and Racial Wage Gaps Persist as the Economy Recovers

Download Fact Sheet   Download Quick Figure     As a sign of the uneven recovery in 2021, gender wage gaps narrowed while median earnings fell marginally. Research Highlights As the economy slowly recovered from the COVID-19 “She-cession” and women and men began [...]

By |October 7, 2022|

California Takes Steps Toward Closing the Wage Gap

On Tuesday September 27, 2022 Governor Gavin Newsom signed into law the California Pay Transparency for Pay Equity Act (SB1162). This new law builds upon pre-existing state fair pay laws and draws the connection between pay transparency and creating a more equitable future. Specifically, the [...]

By |October 3, 2022|

“We Must and Can Do More to Accelerate the Closing of the Pay Gap for Black Women”

FOR IMMEDIATE RELEASE September 21, 2022 Contact: Carolina Espinoza | | 202.683.6828   Statement from C. Nicole Mason, President and CEO of the Institute for Women’s Policy Research Washington, DC – Today, September 21st, marks how long Black women in the U.S. [...]

By |September 21, 2022|

The Wage Gap for Black Women by State

IWPR’s Equal Pay Day blog series–including those analyzing data on Black women, AAPI women, Native women, Latina women, and Moms–highlights persistent gender wage gaps and unique challenges faced by marginalized communities in the labor market. Women’s experiences are not a monolith -  this is [...]

By |September 19, 2022|
Go to Top