The question now is how much of an impact these gains will have for women over the long run — and there’s some evidence that they are part of larger shifts in the labor force. More women have been entering into historically male-dominated fields, like warehousing and construction — industries where employers are under more pressure to fill roles and pay is competitive. “In the United States, people do shift fields. But what we don’t get so much is that women move into male-dominated fields,” said Ariane Hegewisch, program director for employment and earnings for the Institute for Women’s Policy Research.

“It’s not new that you can make more in male-dominated fields than in female-dominated fields. But what seems to be new is women moving into construction and women moving into those storage warehouse jobs, where they were fewer before.”

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