The other America described two decades ago by Michael Harrington is a changing neighborhood: men are moving out, while women, many with children, are moving in. As a result, the War on Poverty that grew out of the concern aroused by Harrington and others was built on images and assumptions about the poor that have become increasingly invalid. The fundamental thesis of the paper is that the trend towards the “feminization of poverty” has profoundly altered the needs, legal and otherwise of today’s poor, as well as the nature of advocacy required to meet those needs.