“In America women have in fact made considerable progress in getting into a range of jobs that used to be male preserves, according to a recent paper by the Institute for Women’s Policy Research, a think-tank in Washington, DC. For example, the share of women dentists went up from under 2% in 1972 to over 30% in 2009; that of female lawyers from 4% to 32%; and that of women pharmacists and photographers from the low teens to half.”