“C AG Steering Committee member Heidi Hartmann, of the Institute for Women’s Policy Research, notes, “Women are always the pioneers, going into new things that no one wants to do. Those are the jobs they can get. That’s also where the economy is going.” But there’s no reason service jobs, like caring, can’t become good jobs, believes Hartmann. The first assembly-line jobs were women’s jobs because men didn’t want them. Excess farm labor went to textile factories, and over time organizing made these good jobs. At the end of the day, making today’s bad jobs “good” will take two things: a cultural shift and a whole lot of pressure.”