In many countries, women have made strides, but there’s a long way to go to equality.

In the United States, according to the Institute for Women Policy Research , women’s earnings hover around 79 percent of men’s, women earn less in every field and entry in male-dominated fields has stagnated: “if change continues at the same slow pace as it has done for the past fifty years, it will take 44 years—or until 2059—for women to finally reach pay parity.” And no, it’s not just voluntary self-sorting: Outright sex and race discrimination remains significant.