A recent report by the Office of Personnel Management (OPM) contains numerous misleading conclusions about women’s progress in the federal government and the impact of pay equity (also known as comparable worth) on women’s future employment gains in this sector. The data the OPM report and its assessment of comparable worth/ pay equity are flawed. OPM overstates the progress of women in a few occupations and grades and ignores the continued predominance of women in low-paid, female-intensive occupations– the exact problem that pay equity is meant to address. This paper uses data from the OPM report, and other unpublished data from the agency, to show why pay equity is still needed in the federal government.