By Emily Crockett
The gender wage gap is real — not every woman makes 80 cents to the dollar of what every man makes, of course; that figure is a big-picture average of all full-time workers. But women still make men who have the same job title, and often lack the same opportunities men do to get promotions and raises.
Research has found that woman-dominated industries (like child care work or domestic work) tend to pay less, male-dominated industries tend to start paying less once women enter them, and woman-dominated industries tend to start paying more once men enter them.
In every workplace, including the home, women’s work is often taken for granted. Women tend to take on more chores and child care duties at home than men, and women are more likely than men to take on tasks at work that nobody else wants to do, because they know those tasks won’t get done otherwise.