Publications

Qualifying for Unpaid Leave: FMLA Eligibility among Working Mothers

This brief explores the reasons and likelihood that working mothers take leave under the FMLA. --About half (50.5 percent) of young mothers (age 18-34) are not eligible for unpaid, job-protected leave under FMLA, compared with 65.6 percent of those ages 45 to 54 (the age group of mothers with the highest eligibility) and 59.9 percent…

Paid Leave and Employment Stability of First-Time Mothers

This brief finds a significant relationship between the use of paid leave and greater employment stability among first-time mothers. --First-time mothers who utilized paid leave were 26.3% less likely to quit their jobs and were 18.2% more likely to work for the same employer after the birth of their first child. --These findings suggest that…

The Effects of FMLA Eligibility and Awareness on Family Leave-Taking

This brief explores the effect of FMLA eligibility and awareness on whether workers take leave for FMLA-qualifying reasons, where workers typically learn about the FMLA, and which workers are less likely to be aware of the FMLA. --Workers who are eligible and aware of FMLA are one and a half times more likely to take…

Family and Medical Leave-Taking among Older Workers

This brief examines the family and medical leave-taking behaviors among older workers aged 55 and older compared with younger workers. --Older workers have increased their rates of family and medical leave-taking from 2000 to 2012 (from 16% to 21%). This increase is driven entirely by men, who increased their leave-taking by 10 percentage points from…

Publications

Strong Job Gains Continue with 255,000 Jobs Added in July

The Institute for Women’s Policy Research (IWPR) analysis of the August employment report from the U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics (BLS) finds that women gained 181,000 jobs and men gained 74,000 for a total of 255,000 jobs added in July, giving women 71 percent of job growth.

Student Parents’ Access to Campus Child Care Continued to Decline in 2015

The 4.8 million parents enrolled in college perform a complicated balancing act.1 According to new IWPR analysis, availability of campus child care continued to decline in 2015, with just under half of public four-year institutions providing campus child care services, down from a high of 55 percent in 2003-05 (Figure 1). At community colleges, where…

Mothers in College Have Declining Access to On-Campus Child Care

As Mother’s Day approaches, the 3.4 million mothers in college are performing a complicated balancing act. According to new IWPR analysis, availability of on-campus child care continued to decline in 2014, with just half of public four-year institutions providing on-campus child care services, down from a high of 55 percent in 2003-05 (Figure 1). At…