Employment and EarningsAdministrator2020-12-09T18:08:37-05:00

Trends in Employment and Earnings

Women’s status in the area of employment and earnings has improved on two indicators since the publication of IWPR’s last national report on the status of women, the 2004 Status of Women in the States, and remained unchanged or declined on two others. Women’s median annual earnings for full-time, year-round work in 2013 ($39,157) were nearly identical to their earnings for similar work in 2002 ($39,108 when adjusted to 2013 dollars). The gender earnings ratio improved during this time from 76.6 to 78.3 percent, narrowing the gender wage gap by 1.7 percentage points, and the share of women working in professional or managerial occupations grew from 33.2 to 39.9 percent. Women’s labor force participation rate, however, declined from 59.6 in 2002 to 57.0 percent in 2014.

1. District of Columbia51. Mississippi
2. Maryland50. West Virginia
3. Massachusetts49. Idaho
4. Connecticut48. Louisiana
5. New York47. Alabama
109, 1990

Improving Employment Opportunities for Women Workers: An Assessment of the Ten Year Economic and Legal Impact of the Pregnancy Discrimination Act of 1978

Issues of rights or equity for working women (and men) promise to continue to be as hotly contested in the 1990s as these issues were in the 1970s and 1980s.

607, 1990

Tax Benefits for Low-Income Families With Children: Two Competing Proposals, Parts I and II

This briefing paper presents a comparison of the impact on family income of two currently proposed bills that increase tax credits for low-income working families with children: S.5 in the U.S. Senate, the Act for Better Child Care, and H.R.3 in the House of Representatives, the Early Childhood Education and Development Act.

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