SWS – Poverty and OpportunityAdministrator2021-09-17T16:12:30-05:00

Poverty and Opportunity

The equal participation of women in politics and government is integral to building strong communities and a vibrant democracy in which women and men can thrive. By voting, running for office, and engaging in civil society as leaders and activists, women shape laws, policies, and decision-making in ways that reflect their interests and needs, as well as those of their families and communities.

Today, women constitute a powerful force in the electorate and inform policymaking at all levels of government. Yet, women continue to be underrepresented in governments across the nation and face barriers that often make it difficult for them to exercise political power and assume leadership positions in the public sphere. This chapter presents data on several aspects of women’s involvement in the political process in the United States: voter registration and turnout, female state and federal elected and appointed representation, and state-based institutional resources for women. It examines how women fare on these indicators of women’s status, the progress women have made and where it has stalled, and how racial and ethnic disparities compound gender disparities in specific forms of political participation.


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Political Participation Rank and Score by State

As Apprenticeships Expand, Breaking Down Occupational Segregation Is Key to Women’s Economic Success

Apprenticeships are structured training programs that combine paid on-the-job learning with classroom instruction and provide a pathway to industry-recognized qualifications in in-demand occupations. For workers, the apprenticeship route can offer an alternative to traditional college (and college debt), yet traditionally, women have been much [...]

By Ariane Hegewisch|March 28, 2024|Publications, Report|

Numbers Matter: Women Working in Construction

In 2023, the number of women working in the trades reached the highest level ever, with 363,651 working in construction and extraction occupations. In the five years since 2018, the number of tradeswomen increased by more than 80,000, a growth of 28.3 percent. Construction [...]

By IWPR|March 25, 2024|Publications, Quick Figure|

“No Rights to Speak of: The Economic Harms of Restricting Reproductive Freedom”; IWPR Submission for the Record

Submission for the Record, Institute for Women’s Policy Research Senate Committee on the Budget; 2/28/2024 Hearing: “No Rights to Speak of: The Economic Harms of Restricting Reproductive Freedom” February 28, 2024 Reproductive health restrictions, abortion bans, and similar policies hurt women and families, hurt [...]

By Tessa Dee|February 28, 2024|Policy, Publications, Testimony|

Updated Analysis of the Cost of Abortion Restrictions to States

Each year, the number of state-level restrictions on abortion access increases, and in some states, they get more and more extreme. To capture the ongoing harm of these restrictions—not only to women’s health but also to the economy—the Institute for Women’s Policy Research (IWPR) [...]