Equity in Innovation: Women Inventors and Patents

Jessica Milli, Ph.D., Emma Williams-Baron, Meika Berlan, Jenny Xia, Barbara Gault, Ph.D.

December 1, 2016
  • ID: IWPR #C448

This report compiles existing data on women and patenting. It explores both women’s underrepresentation among patent holders and their relative success in being granted patents when they apply for them. The report identifies the technology classes that women are most likely to patent in, and examines the overall success of patents granted to women as measured by their assignment rates and citation counts. The report draws on the social science literature to identify major obstacles that women face to patenting and, based on the research findings, presents several recommendations to help to close the gender patenting gap. This report was funded by Qualcomm, Inc.