Women's Economic Status in the States: Wide Disparities by Race, Ethnicity, and Region

Amy Caiazza, April Shaw, Misha Werschkul

October 31, 2004
  • ID: #R260

Women’s earnings, the female/male earnings
ratio, the occupation and industries in which
women work, women’s business ownership,
and women’s poverty are all important aspects of women’s
economic status. Although women have made
gains in all these areas in past decades, they still earn
less, are less likely to own a business, and are more likely
to live in poverty than men across the states. With
median annual earnings of $30,100, women in the
United States still earn only 76.2 percent of what men
earn (Chart 1). Among working women, 33.2 percent
work in professional and managerial positions. About a
quarter (26.0 percent) of businesses are owned by
women, and 87.9 percent of women live above poverty.